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Kindle 3 Keyboard Shortcuts et al

Ver 1.16 – 15 October 2011:
[Go to the file downloads] [Go to the shortcuts] [Amazon Kindle Support]

All these shortcuts and notes have been tested on my Kindle 3 3G + wi-fi. If you find these tips useful, feel free to copy & paste this post into your own blog/web site/forum – but please include a link back to here, as this is a work in progress. Recent changes have superscript version markers (eg v1.16).

  • If you are looking at this page on your Kindle’s web browser, you can use Whispernet to download these tips as a book direct to your Kindle. To do this, just click on either link below. The files themselves now contain links to update directly while reading them.
  • In the K3 browser, Menu->Article Mode makes it much easier to read this post.
  • If you are currently on your computer but want to download directly from your Kindle, you can get to this page from your Kindle:
    • Press <Home> to make sure you are on the home screen
    • Press the <Del> key to open up the search box
    • Type in the following short URL (use Sym to select the “/” and the “3”; there is no need to type ‘http://’ in front):
    • Use the 5-way to move to the right until ‘Go To’ is highlighted
    • Press the 5-way to go to the URL; if wireless is not on, it will ask if you want to turn it on now
  • If you are on your computer, you can also click on a link below, save the book to your computer, and then transfer to your Kindle’s documents folder via USB:

Download in .mobi format – with Table of Contents and chapter marks (recommended)
Download in .azw format – converted via Amazon – no TOC or chapter marks

Kindle 3 Keyboard Shortcuts (Ver 1.16)

[Searching] [Text-to-Speech] [Voice Guide] [Background Music] [Games] [Home Screen] [General] [Reading] [Adding Books to Collections] [Sorting Collections] [Photo Albums] [Archives and Deleting Books Forever] [Web Browsing] [Kindle Calculations] [FAQs & Hacks] [Book File Formats] [The K3 Keyboard] [Just the Keyboard Shortcuts]


  • To copy text from a book to the search box (eg to search for a character’s name):
    • Use the 5-way to cursor down to the beginning of the text you want to copy
    • Click the 5-way to mark the beginning
    • Use the 5-way to move right, selecting the word(s) you want to search for
    • Instead of clicking again as you would to save a highlight, press SPACEBAR
    • The selected words are now in the search box. Move the cursor down or right, delete any extraneous characters, then move down and right to highlight ‘Find’. Click to search.
  • Clear text from search/edit box: ALT+DEL
  • Default search action: when the action on the right of the search box is the one you want, you do not have to use the 5-way to move to highlight it first; you can just press ENTER (or click)
    • Similarly, if the cursor is in the URL field of the web browser, the action shown to the right is the default and you can just press ENTER
  • When searching ‘My Items’ from the Home screen, you can change the order in which search results are displayed: v1.16
    • Use the 5-way to cursor to the top of the screen, where the number of items found is displayed
    • Use the 5-way to move right and display the available sort orders
    • Use the 5-way to move to the order you want and click to select it
  • The SYM key is only active when a search/edit box is active
    • To start a search from the Home screen with a symbol, press DEL or ENTER to open up a search box, then press SYM
    • In other screens, DEL or ENTER will not work; to open a search/edit box so you can use SYM, type a space and then delete it
  • For when you don’t even know what day of the week it is:
    • Search for DATE or TIME from the home screen
    • The current date and time is the first item in results; select it to see the day and time zone information
      • To just see the time without searching, press MENU
    • When you have a book open:
      • Enter DATE or TIME as a search item
      • Use the 5-way to cursor right to ‘my items’ and select
      • Again, the current date and time is the first item in results, and can be selected for more information
      • The BACK key will return you to your place in the book
  • @help – list all functions available for searching from the Home screen:
    • @dict <keyword>
    • @help
    • @print [no idea what this does]
    • @store <keyword>
    • @url <url> (goes to browser if no URL)
    • @web <google search term >
    • @wiki <keyword>
    • @wikipedia <keyword>

Text-to-Speech (TTS)

  • Start/Stop: SHIFT+SYM
    • To start at a specific spot, use the 5-way to position the cursor first
    • When TTS is on, BACK turns it off
  • Pause/Restart: SPACEBAR
    • When TTS is turned on, most of the keyboard is locked; if you press SPACEBAR or use Aa to pause TTS, you cannot manually navigate through the book because TTS is still active, and it may appear that the Kindle has frozen. Press SPACEBAR to resume TTS, or press SHIFT+SYM, BACK or HOME to turn off TTS entirely. The Aa key also still works.
  • TTS only works when you have a book open
  • TTS won’t work if the publisher has disabled TTS for the book; TTS status can be found under the book pricing in the Kindle bookstore
  • When TTS is on, use the Aa key to:
    • Change between male and female voice
    • Change the reading speed
    • Stop or pause TTS
  • Pages are turned automatically when TTS is turned on. By turning the volume right down and adjusting the reading speed, this feature can be used as an automatic page turner.
  • TTS continues playing even if you put your Kindle to sleep by sliding and releasing the power button. Sleeping your Kindle while TTS is playing allows you to continue listening but locks all of the keys and buttons so you don’t inadvertently press one.

Voice Guide

  • Turn on/off:
    • SHIFT+SPACEBAR (A shortcut at last! It’s only available if you have the Version 3.3 updatev1.16
    • HOME->MENU->Settings->Page 2->click ‘turn on’/’turn off’
      • If you only have one page of settings, the Kindle is not yet registered or has not yet ‘talked’ to the Amazon servers; you need to turn on wireless (if you don’t have wi-fi (or 3G) yourself, you may need to find a wi-fi hotspot)
  • The voice guide, which lets you navigate your Kindle with spoken menus, selectable items, and descriptions, is separate from TTS, which reads the text of a book/document (unless the publisher has disabled that ability)

Background Music

  • Play/Stop: ALT+SPACEBAR
  • Next track: ALT+F
  • Music files must be MP3s in the Kindle’s ‘music’ folder


  • Minesweeper: ALT+SHIFT+M from Home screen
    • MENU for game options
  • GoMoku: G from Minesweeper

Home Screen

  • Rescan for files: ALT+Z
  • Jump to page: <number> then click or ENTER
    • To type numbers, use ALT+Q to P for 1 to 0
  • Jump to Author or Title: <first letter> then click or press ENTER when in Author or Title sort order respectively. For example, to go to titles beginning with ‘M’:
    • First make sure it says ‘By Title’ on the right near the top of the Home screen; if it doesn’t:
      • Use the 5-way to move up to that line
      • Move right with the 5-way to display the sort options
      • Use the 5-way to underline ‘Title’ and click the 5-way
    • Back on the Home screen, press the letter ‘m’
    • The search box will appear with the letter ‘m’ showing, along with the wording ‘click to got to M titles’
    • Click the 5-way
  • To view the list of books in your archives: v1.15
    • MENU->View Archived Items
    • ‘Archived Items’ also appears as a clickable title on the Home screens, but may be difficult to find if you have a lot of items.


  • Capital letters when typing: Hit SHIFT first, then the letter; no need to hold them down together
  • Numbers: ALT+Q to P = 1 to 0 or press SYM when search/edit box is active
    • Like SHIFT for capital letters, ALT is sticky, so you can type ALT followed by a letter on the top row (ALT, Q, ALT, W, ALT, E types 123)
  • Redraw screen: ALT+G (removes ghosting)
  • Screenshot: ALT+SHIFT+G or ALT+SHIFT+H (saves a .GIF in the Kindle document directory)
    • The screen flashes for both ALT+G and ALT+SHIFT+G. As it is easy to do an ALT+G by mistake, ALT+SHIFT+H may be a safer way to do a screenshot.
  • Display the time: MENU displays the time at the top of the screen
  • Display amount of space left on the Kindle: MENU from the Home, Settings, or Experimental screen
  • To see if you still have books indexing, from the home screen type a nonsense search like ‘xzwwx’ [or even just a period, which is quicker] and press ENTER. If the search result says ‘No items’, indexing has finished; if one or more items are listed, indexing is still in progress. If a book gets ‘stuck’ on indexing, delete it, let other items finish indexing, then re-download the book to see if it will index.
  • Shop in the Kindle store: ALT+HOME
  • The search window can be used as a simple calculator. Simple expressions like "5+6", "2*8/3" and "sin(8)" work. See Kindle Calculations below for details.
  • Display Serial No and Barcode: ALT+SHIFT+. (period)
  • To restart your Kindle 3 (solves a myriad of problems):
    • If it is charging, disconnect from the power/computer
    • Soft restart (when the buttons are working): HOME->MENU->Settings->MENU->Restart
    • Hard restart (when everything seems frozen): Slide and hold the power switch for 30 seconds, then wait a minute or two
    • When you restart, you will see the boy reading under the tree and a progress bar
      • If you wait a couple of minutes and still only see a blank screen, you have not held the power switch for long enough and have turned the Kindle off
  • To turn the Kindle off completely (blank screen), slide and hold the power switch for around 7 seconds.
    • It is recommended to only turn the Kindle off if it is not going to be used for a long time (weeks).
    • If you are in the habit of turning the Kindle off rather than letting it go to sleep, always go to the Home screen first so it has a chance to save your current book location.
  • From Settings screen:
    • Change 3G provider: type 311 (ALT+EQQ)
    • Kindle Serial No et al: type 411 (ALT+RQQ)
    • 3G Modem information: type 611 (ALT+YQQ)
    • Wi-fi Modem information: type 711 (ALT+UQQ)


  • Add/remove a bookmark for the current page: ALT+B
  • Bookmark a specific location: use the 5-way to position the cursor at the location, then double-click the 5-way’s centre button. This is useful when viewing bookmarks because the first few lines are displayed.
  • Zoom in on an illustration: use the 5-way to position the cursor over the picture; the cursor will change to a magnifying glass with a + sign; click to zoom; the K3 will display the illustration in landscape if that is a better fit than portrait
  • Chapter marks: some, but not all, books have dots along the reading progress bar when you first open them
    • You can use the 5-way to move left and right between chapters
    • Your bookmarks, notes and highlights also add dots to the progress bar; you cannot use the 5-way to move between these marks
  • Since the Ver 3.1 firmware update, you need to press MENU to see location and page number (if available)
  • Also press MENU to also see the status bar with book name, time and wireless/battery indicators
  • To get back to the beginning of a book: v1.15
    • With the book open, press MENU and select ‘Go to…’ To ensure you are right at the beginning, select ‘cover’.
    • At the bottom of your Manage Your Kindle page on the Amazon web site is an option to "Manage synchronization between devices". If you have this turned on, the Kindle will continue to ask if you want to synch to the furthest page read. To reset this to the beginning of the book, you must call Kindle Support.
  • Visual indication of book length/proportion read: v1.16
    • Book titles on the home screen (or inside a collection) have a line of dots under them
      • The length of the line is an indication of the length of the book.
      • Darker dots are an indication of how much of the book you have read; if you remain on the last page when you finish a book, the entire line will be darker, indicating that the book has been read.
  • Nudge the selection frame when a PDF document is zoomed, or when panning a zoomed document: SHIFT+5-way direction
  • Delete multiple bookmarks, highlights, notes:
    • Select ‘View My Notes & Marks’ from the Menu
    • Use the 5-way to move to the note/mark to be deleted
    • Press DEL
    • Repeat for each note/mark to be deleted
  • When reading an Amazon format book, use the Aa key to:
    • Change font size and typeface
    • Change line spacing and words per line
    • Turn on Text to Speech if enabled for your current book
    • Change screen orientation
  • When reading a PDF, use the Aa key to:
    • Change zoom level
    • Change contrast
    • Change screen orientation
  • Vista and Windows 7 users: if you want to continue reading whilst charging from your computer’s USB port, using the ‘Safely remove hardware’ on the computer’s task bar is not sufficient. You need to eject the Kindle by selecting Computer from the Start menu; find the Kindle drive, right-click on it and select the ‘Eject’ option.

Adding Books to Collections

  • To create a Collection:
    • From the HOME screen, press MENU and select ‘Create New Collection’.
  • Your Kindle must be registered and must connect to Amazon’s servers at least once in order for Collections to become available. If your device is registered but you have not yet connected to Amazon’s servers, then:
    • When you press MENU from the Home screen, the option to ‘Create New Collection’ will be greyed out
    • When you go to the Settings screen, you will have only 1 page of settings
    • If you do not have wi-fi or 3G at home, you can go to somewhere that provides free wi-fi (eg Starbucks, McDonalds), connect to their wi-fi, and do a ‘Sync & Check for Items’
  • To add multiple books to a collection (or to remove multiple books):
    • On the Home screen use the 5-way to move to the collection
    • Move the 5-way to the right to display the collection’s detail page and click on ‘Add/remove items’
    • Use the 5-way to move up and down the list of all your books, clicking on each book you want in the collection
    • If you have just purchased books and are now adding them, it’s easier to find them if you move to the top line, move the 5-way right, and change the sort order to ‘Most Recent First’ v1.16
    • A check-mark appears next to books in the current collection; click again to remove a book from the collection
    • Use Next Page and Previous Page if you have multiple pages of books
    • When you are in the list of books, pressing MENU gives the option of adding all items on the current page of the list
    • There is no need to click ‘Done’ when you are finished. Your selections are saved immediately, so you can just go BACK or press HOME.
  • To add a book to (or remove a book from) one or more collections:
    • On the Home screen use the 5-way to move to the book title
    • Move the 5-way to the right to display the book’s detail page and click on ‘Add to collection …’
    • Use the 5-way to move up and down the list of collections, clicking on each collection you want the book to be in
    • A check-mark appears next to each collection in which the book will be listed; click again to remove it from that collection
    • Use Next Page and Previous Page if you have multiple pages of collections
    • There is no need to click ‘Done’ when you are finished. Your selections are saved immediately, so you can just go BACK or press HOME.
  • Books added to collections will still be listed on the Home screen unless you change your sort order to ‘By Collections’.
  • When setting up collections, it is a good idea to have wireless on and and to periodically do a ‘Sync & Check for Items’ from the Home or Settings menu. This saves your collections on Amazon’s servers for later importing to another Kindle.
  • If you have created collections but they have now disappeared from the Kindle: v1.15
    • First turn on wireless and try a reset (HOME->MENU->Settings->MENU->Restart).
    • If that doesn’t work, go back to the Settings screen, deregister the Kindle and then re-register it.
  • It is not currently possible to create sub-collections. However, each book can be in as many collections as you like (for example, a book could be in a genre collection, an author collection, and a to-be-read collection). v1.15

Sorting Collections

  • When in Collections sort order, the collections will display in sequence of most recently accessed, followed by subscriptions, books not in any collection and Archived Items.
  • When in Title sort order, the collections display along with all your individual books, in Title sequence.
  • You can control the Title sort order by using collection names that start with a symbol that sorts before the alpha characters in book titles. My collections are:
    • (Reading: current)
    • (Reading: fiction)
    • (Reading: non-fiction)
    • [Genre 1]
    • [Genre 2]
    • [Genre 3] etc
    • {Author 1}
    • {Author 2} etc
  • On the Home screen, use the 5-way to move to the top line, move right, and change sort order to ‘Title’.
  • When in Title sort order, my collections display first in the order shown, followed by all the individual books.
  • I created collections with names in the form ‘x mmm’, where ‘x’ represents one of the symbols available via the Sym key. I then sorted by Title and they sorted in this sequence:
    • " ? } ; , . ‘ / ] \ “ ” ¡ ¿ ! @ # % & * ) – _ : ` ^ ~ ( [ { $ € £ + < = > | 0 1 2 b B c C a A (because the sort algorithm ignores leading words like ‘a’ and ‘the’)
  • For all these collections, I then renamed them, removing the space after the symbol so all names were in the form ‘xmmm’. I resorted by Title and came up with an entirely different sort order:
    • _ , ; : ! ¡ ? ¿ / . ` ^ ~ ‘ " “ ” ( ) [ ] { } @ $ € £ * \ & # % + < = > | 0 1 2 a A b B c C
  • This testing was done with Ver 3.0.3 firmware. After upgrading to Ver 3.1, there have been report that some prefixes (such as . (period) and @) do not sort correctly. Personally, I:
    • Stick to various braces and the underscore
    • Do not put a space after the symbol (the title sort algorithm attempts to remove non-significant ‘words’ from the beginning)
  • Other naming options include using different or multiple starting symbols, starting collection names with AAA or numbers etc. It has been reported that starting collection names with a period causes problems and that if you start with an asterisk, you should put a space after the asterisk.
  • To change the name of a collection, move the cursor to the collection, move right using the 5-way, and select ‘Rename Collection’.
  • To see just your collections (plus subscriptions and books not yet in a collection), on the Home screen, use the 5-way to move to the top line, move right, and change sort order to ‘Collections’.
  • You can also change the order in which books are displayed inside your collections. Open a collection, use the 5-way to move to the top line, move right, and choose the desired sort order.
  • If you use calibre to manage your books, it has an excellent plug-in for managing and creating collections on you Kindle. v1.16

Photo Albums

  • Make sure your pictures are not too big – 600 x 800 is recommended. Converting them to greyscale will also reduce the file size.
  • Connect your Kindle via USB
  • Method 1
    • Create a folder called ‘pictures’ in the root directory of the Kindle; it should be on the same level as the ‘documents’ folder and you must use the name ‘pictures’
    • Open the ‘pictures’ folder and, inside it, create a new folder with the name you want your album to have (eg ‘Family’)
      • You can create multiple albums by creating multiple folders inside the ‘pictures’ folder
    • Copy your JPG, GIF and/or PNG pictures to the album folder
    • The biggest drawback of this method is that the only way to delete the album is to connect via USB and manually delete the subdirectory. Deleting the album using the Kindle appears to work, but the subdirectory and pictures are still there; the next time the home screen listing is refreshed, the album will reappear. v1.15
  • Method 2
    • Package your pictures into a zip file, naming the file with the name you want to give your album (eg ‘’)
    • Copy the zip file into your Kindle’s ‘documents’ directory
    • This method has the advantage that, when you use the Kindle to the delete the album, the zip file is actually deleted.
  • Safely eject the Kindle when the copying has finished
  • Go to the Kindle Home screen and press ALT+Z to refresh the listing
  • Your album will appear as a new ‘book’ which has one page for each picture
  • When in an album, the MENU and Aa buttons have picture-specific options
    • If you are viewing pictures larger than the screen, the menu option to anchor at the Top Right is useful for manga, which usually follows the Japanese right-to-left convention
    • If you ‘Enable Pan to Next Page’, the 5-way up and down will also go to the next picture
    • The Kindle remembers you Menu options, but ignores them next time you open an album; you have to turn the option off and then on again for it to be active
  • I have found the following shortcuts tend to be rather intermittent. They may function better after a restart of the Kindle. I get the feeling that using ALT+Q to nudge disables using Q to zoom.
    • q : zoom in
    • w : zoom out
    • e : reset zoom
    • r : rotate
    • f : toggle full screen mode
    • c : toggle Actual Size setting
    • Panning when the picture is larger than the screen:
      • 5-way directional buttons
      • Numbers nudge right – the picture moves left (eg ALT+Q to nudge, ALT+W to nudge a little more)
      • When in full screen mode, you have to repeat the number (ALT+QQ), as the first press brings up a scale
      • Repeating numbers eventually takes you to the next picture

Archives and Deleting Books Forever

  • Background:
    • When you look at ‘Archives’ on your Kindle, you will see a list of books purchased from Amazon that are not on your Kindle.
    • Amazon books on your Kindle + Books listed in archives = all books purchased from Amazon.
    • If you remove an Amazon book from your Kindle, the number of books on your Kindle decreases by one, and the number of books listed in your archives increases by one.
    • All books purchased from Amazon are stored on the Amazon servers and can be downloaded to any Kindle (or Kindle app) registered to that account.
    • ‘Archives’ contains links to Amazon-purchased books, enabling you to download a book by selecting it from the archive list (as long as you have a Whispernet connection).
    • For personal documents (including books purchased from sources other than Amazon): v1.16
      • If you transferred them to you Kindle via USB, they are not stored on the Amazon servers and you must keep your own backup copy.
      • Documents emailed to your Kindle via the Personal Documents Service are now stored on the Amazon servers (5 Gb is provided free by Amazon for personal document storage).
        • You can turn off archiving of personal documents in the Personal Documents Settings section of Manage Your Kindle.
        • Personal documents can only be seen in and downloaded from your K3’s archives if you have the Version 3.3 update.
        • Archived personal documents are not viewable/downloadable in the archives of Kindle devices released prior to the K3. However,
          • Archived personal documents can be sent to these older devices from the Manage Your Kindle page.
          • I have "Whispernet Delivery Over 3G (Fees Apply)" disabled in the Personal Documents Settings section. Nevertheless, when I sent an archived personal document to my K2 (on 14 October 2011 US time), it was delivered to the K2 via 3G. I am very surprised that documents are being sent to 3G only devices when delivery over 3G is not enabled. This behaviour may change.
        • Whispersync of bookmarks, annotations, and your last page read is available for archived personal documents that are in Kindle format (this does not apply to unconverted pdfs, nor to documents transferred via USB).
    • To see the books that are in your archives: HOME->MENU->View Archived Items v1.15
      • This is a list only; the books are not taking up space on your Kindle.
      • ‘Archived Items’ also appears as a clickable item on the Home screen, but may be difficult to find if you have a lot of items.
  • Removing books from the Kindle
    • To remove a book from your Kindle, use the 5-way to move to the book title and then move the 5-way to the right to display the book’s detail page.
      • You can also move the 5-way to the left, but it’s very easy to accidentally delete a collection when you do that.
    • Select the option "Remove from Device".
      • If the option is "Delete This Document" rather than "Remove from Device", the book was not purchased from Amazon; if you delete it, there will not be a backup copy on Amazon’s servers.
      • Occasionally, a book gets "stuck" and cannot be removed; instead, it remains greyed out on the Kindle even after you remove it. If this happens, connect the Kindle to you computer via USB and manually delete the book’s .azw (or .azw1 or .tpz) file and its matching .mbp (or .tan) file.
  • Deleting books forever
    • To permanently delete a book from the Amazon archive, you need to go to yourpage on the Amazon web site
    • Locate the book in ‘Your Kindle Library’ v1.16
    • From the ‘Actions’ button on the right, choose "Delete from library"
    • Warning: this is a permanent delete. If you want to read the book again, you will have to re-purchase it from Amazon.
    • If a book has been removed from your Kindle and does not appear in ‘Your Kindle Library’, but still appears in your archive list on the Kindle, you have probably moved the book to trash in Your Media Library. To check:
      • Go to Your Account on the Amazon web site
      • In ‘Digital Content’, click on the link to ‘Your Collection’
      • Once in Your Collection, click on the drop-down "view" box and select ‘Trash’ v1.16
      • Take the book out of Trash
      • Go back to Manage Your Kindle; the book should now appear in Your Kindle Library and can be deleted.

Web Browsing

  • If you know the address, you can get to a web page directly from the Home screen:
    • Press HOME to make sure you are on the home screen
    • Type in the address – the search box will open when you start typing
      • use Sym to select a “/” and numbers
      • there is no need to type ‘http://’ in front – eg just type
    • Use the 5-way to move to the right until ‘Go To’ is highlighted
    • Press the 5-way; if wireless is not on, it will ask if you want to turn it on now
  • You can get to Google or Wikipedia from any search box by typing in your search term and then using the 5-way to move to the right until ‘Google’ or ‘Wikipedia’ is highlighted, and then pressing the 5-way.
  • I don’t know of any shortcut for opening the web browser. One option is to create a ‘book’ which contains link(s) to one or more favourite sites. The book can then be opened and you can click on a link without having to go to the Experimental screen to open the browser:
    • Create and save an html file containing link(s) to your favourite sites (Word can be used to save a file as html)
    • To make the html file readable on the Kindle you can do one of the following:
      • Use Amazon’s document conversion service: send an email to or with the html file as an attachment
      • Use a program such as calibre to convert the html file to mobi
      • Rename the file to have a .txt extension (eg rename Bookmarks.html to Bookmarks.txt), connect your Kindle to your computer via USB, and copy the .txt file to the Kindle’s ‘documents’ directory
  • When in the web browser, MENU and Aa have browser-specific options.
    • MENU->Article Mode is great for pages that have columns to the left and right, though it’s not so great for home pages
    • MENU->Zoom In is also useful for improving readability; use the 5-way to pan
    • Readability can also be improved by using Aa to change to landscape mode
  • When you are zoomed in (the entire web page does not fit on the screen and there is a progress bar along the bottom) you can:
    • Use ALT+H and ALT+J to nudge left and right
    • Use the Next Page and Previous Page buttons to move up or down within the web page
    • Use the 5-way arrows to move left, right, up and down within the web page
    • SHIFT+the 5-way arrows to pan without waiting for the cursor
  • When the cursor is in the browser’s address field, ALT+DEL will delete the field
  • When in Google Reader, you can use full screen mode and some other keyboard commands [Wired’s Gadget Lab article}
    • In the Kindle browser, log into your Google Reader account
    • Navigate to your feed list and select a feed
    • Once in the articles, use the Google reader keyboard command ‘f’ to turn on full screen mode
    • Use the Aa button to increase the text size if desired
    • Use the Kindle’s next and previous page buttons to scroll through the articles, or use keyboard commands such a ‘n’ and ‘p (or ‘j’ and ‘k’)’ to go to the next/previous item, and ‘shift+u’ to toggle the navigation menu and the list of feeds [Google Reader’s keyboard shortcuts]
    • Works best for feeds which show complete articles, as the Kindle browser will not open articles in a separate window
  • In Facebook, most keyboard shortcuts seem to be Alt+number combinations, which are not possible on the K3 keyboard. However:
    • ALT+M displays the ‘new message’ box when in Facebook

Kindle Calculations

  • The search window can be used as a simple calculator. Steven Ehrbar has kindly provided most of these details:
    • Standard operators are + (addition), – (subtraction), * (multiplication), / (division), % (modulus), and ^ (exponentiation).
    • Parentheses () work for grouping, {} and [] do not.
    • You can assign values to variables with =; for example, test=9.
    • The results of the last operation are stored in the variable _ (underscore).
      • Assign _ to a variable before using it in further calculations. I have found that using _ directly results in the calculation being done twice. For example, if you enter 5*2, then _ is 10. Entering _*2 results in 40, not 20. However, if you enter y=_, you get a result of y = _ = 10. y*2 then correctly results in 20.
    • The values of pi and e are stored in pi and e, respectively.
    • Functions, which work on a value or expression in the parentheses, are:
      • Trig functions: acos(), asin(), atan(), cos(), cosh(), sin(), sinh(), tan(), tanh()
        • Arguments for trig functions must be in radians
        • radians = degrees * (pi/180)
        • You can assign pi/180 to a variable (eg k=pi/180)
        • To find the tan of 10°, you can then type tan(10*k)
      • Other functions: abs() [absolute value], exp() [e to the power of], ln() [natural logarithm], log() [base 10 logarithm], sqrt() [square root].

Kindle 3 FAQs and Hacks

  • FAQs: I have covered some FAQs in earlier sections. The list below is the beginnings of a highly selective miscellany.
    • Does the Kindle have a backlight? No. The Kindle has an e-ink screen which, unlike an LCD screen, is not backlit. E-ink emulates a ‘real’ book and you will need a lamp or booklight to read in the dark. However, e-ink screens can be read in direct sunlight, are considered by ‘many’ to be more restful for the eyes, and give very long battery life.
    • Can I read library books on a Kindle? If you live in the US, the short answer is ‘yes, if your library uses Overdrive’. In other parts of the world, the short answer is ‘no’. See Public Library Books for Kindle for details. v1.16
    • I have already bought the hardback/paperback edition of a book. Can I get the Kindle version at a discount or for free? No.
    • My Kindle is frozen/I can’t get rid of something on my screen/my Kindle is behaving strangely. What do I do? The first step when your Kindle misbehaves is always to try a restart:
      • If the keys are still working: HOME->MENU->Settings->MENU->Restart
      • If the keyboard is locked up: slide and hold the power switch for 30 seconds. Then wait for the Kindle to restart.
      • If your K3 often reboots and locks up and it’s in a non-lighted cover which uses the hinge system, try removing the Kindle from the cover. Non-lighted covers which use the hinges may cause problems.
      • If all else fails, use the ‘Contact Us’ button at Kindle Support to get help.
    • Why isn’t [insert book title here] available for the Kindle/in my region? In general, you can assume that Amazon would sell the book if it could. There are several possible reasons a book may not be available; for example:
      • The author won’t allow the book to be published as an e-book (JK Rowling, Harper Lee, Ray Bradbury)
      • The e-books rights have not yet been negotiated with the author (or the author’s estate)
      • The publisher that holds rights for your region has not yet digitised the book and made it available
      • The publisher does not have a publication agreement with Amazon
    • How do I get back to the beginning of a book? With the book open, press MENU and select ‘Go to…’ To ensure you are right at the beginning, select ‘cover’.
      • At the bottom of your Manage Your Kindle page on the Amazon web site is an option to "Manage synchronization between devices". If you have this turned on, the Kindle will continue to ask if you want to synch to the furthest page read. To reset this to the beginning of the book, you must call Kindle Supportv1.15
    • I have added books to my collections, but the books still appear on the home page. How do I get rid of them? From the Home screen, use the 5-way to move to the top of the screen. Move the 5-way to the right to display the sort options. Move to ‘Collections’ and click. This changes the sort order to ‘By Collections’. See Sorting Collections.
    • I created my collections, but now they have disappeared. How do I get them back? First turn on wireless and try a reset (HOME->MENU->Settings->MENU->Restart). If that doesn’t work, go back to the Settings screen, deregister the Kindle and then re-register it.
    • I have a brand new ebook and already it has highlights. How do I get rid of them? These are ‘Popular Highlights’. They show passages highlighted by other Kindle users. To turn them off, go to the settings screen (HOME->MENU->Settings) and click on ‘turn off’ next to the Popular Highlights option. v1.15
      • Note that the Settings screen does not show the current setting for an option; instead, it describes an action to be performed.
    • How do I update to the latest firmware version? You can leave wireless turned on and wait for an update to be pushed to your Kindle. However that may take weeks. To update manually, go to Kindle Software Updates and follow the instructions.
    • I have firmware version 3.1 but can’t see any page numbers. What do I do? Page numbers are only displayed when you press MENU while reading the book, and they are only available for books purchased from Amazon (and pdfs which have page numbers as part of the layout).
      For non-Amazon books and Amazon books without page numbers, there is an APNX Generator plug-in for calibre which will generate an apnx file, which is the file required for the Kindle to display page numbers; these generated page numbers are an estimate and do not bear any relationship to a printed edition. v1.15
      For Amazon purchases with page numbers available:

      • Front matter (Title page, copyright information etc) generally does not have page numbers. Use MENU-> Go to… to check if the option to go to a Page is available.
      • Check that the book you are reading has page numbers available by going to the Amazon product page (on the Kindle, you can use the 5-way to highlight the book, move right, and select ‘Book description’). Look in ‘Product Details’ to see if it contains the line:
        • Page Numbers Source ISBN: xxxxxxxxxx
        • That line contains the ISBN of the print edition with page numbers that match the page numbers in the Kindle edition. v1.15
      • If page numbers are available, turn on wireless and wait (im)patiently. Page number information is stored in a separate file that has to be downloaded, so wireless must be turned on to get that file.
      • You could try HOME->MENU->Sync & Check for Items, though I’m not convinced it makes a lot of difference. Downloading information for existing books seems to be somewhat erratic, at least in these first few days after the release of the ‘early preview’ of Ver 3.1.
      • Make sure your Kindle is registered to the same account you used to purchase the book, in case that is relevant.
    • I don’t have a wireless connection. Is there any way I can get page numbers to display on my Kindle? At the moment, using ‘Transfer via Computer’ to load books does not also download the apnx file required for page numbers. However, the apnx file is not device-specific. If you have a Kindle app which supports page numbers, you can copy the book’s.apnx file from the app to your Kindle via USB. v1.15
      • The apnx file must have exactly the same name as the book file on your Kindle (except for the apnx extension), and must be in the same directory as the book file..
    • What are those numbers at the bottom of the screen when I am reading? Prior to the Ver 3.1 firmware update, the Kindle did not use conventional page numbers and used locations instead. It is said that a location represents 128 bytes or one image.
      • From Ver 3.1 on:
        • Only the percentage read displays when reading.
        • To see your current location and page number (if available), press MENU. While the menu is active, above the progess bar you will see:
          • Page x of y • Location a of b
        • If a book has page numbers available, those page numbers are tied to the ISBN of a particular print edition of the book. The ‘Product Details’ section for the book at the Amazon store will contain a line like:
          • Page Numbers Source ISBN: 0349122393
        • The page number information, if available, will be downloaded wirelessly and stored on the Kindle in a .apnx file (including books you bought prior to page numbers being made available).
      • Prior to Ver 3.1:
        • The number on the left shows how far you are though the book as a percentage.
        • The locations currently on screen are displayed in the middle. This will vary according to font size and margin settings. A smaller font displays more locations.
        • The number on the right is the total number of locations in the book. As a *very* rough guide, dividing that number by 20 may give a crude indication of the number of pages.
      • For all versions, the progress bar gives a visual indication of how far you are through the book:
        • The small inverted triangle shows your starting location for the current reading session.
        • If there are small black dots on the progress bar, these indicate chapter or section markers. You can use the 5-way’s left and right arrows to move back and forth between chapters/sections.
        • If you add highlight, notes or bookmarks, these are also indicated by small dots on the progress bar. You cannot use the 5-way to move between these markers.
    • Can I change/remove the screensaver pictures? No, not unless you hack your Kindle. See the hacks section below.
    • Is there a way to turn pages automatically? If text-to-speech is turned on, the pages turn as they are read. So you can try turning on TTS (if it’s enabled for your book) and turning the volume all the way down. Use the Aa key to adjust the reading speed and the space bar to pause/restart.
    • Other sources on the web:
  • Hacks and work-arounds : this list is presented only for the more adventurous and mostly contains links to instructions. Use them at your own risk. I have not personally tried these and cannot offer advice or assistance.
    • Sleep (screensaver) mode:
      • The Kindle normally goes into sleep mode after 10 minutes of inactivity, or when you slide the power switch briefly.
      • In sleep mode a ‘screensaver’ is displayed and all keys are disabled. This can be inconvenient if you are trying to follow a recipe on your Kindle.
      • Disable sleep mode:
        • This is not a ‘hack’; it simply uses built-in, but not publicly documented, commands.
        • For each of these commands, from the HOME screen press DEL to bring up the search box. Then press SYM so you can type the first character.
        • Type ;debugOn and press ENTER. Nothing appears to happen.
        • Type ~disableScreensaver and press ENTER.
        • This not only disables the automatic sleep mode, but also disables manually putting the Kindle to sleep using the power slider.
      • Re-enable sleep mode
        • To re-enable sleepmode, type ~resumeScreensaver.
      • To see other commands available in debug mode, type ~help.
      • To turn off debug mode, type ;debugOff.
    • Enable the hidden text justification menu:
      • Enables you to toggle between full and left justification from the Aa menu (as long as the book isn’t formatted to force justification).
      • Restore the text justification menu toggle without a hack
      • I tried this after updating to Ver 3.1 firmware and it is working, though I have quite a few books that seem to be formatted to force full justification.
      • If you use calibre to manage your books, the plug-in for managing and creating collections also allows you to modify your Kindle settings, including horizontal margin, justification, and fonts. v1.16
    • Change the ‘screensaver’ pictures:
      • This does involve jailbreaking your Kindle and installing a hack. I believe this will not invalidate your warranty, but may violate your Terms of Service agreement with Amazon.
      • Kindle Screen Saver Hack for all 2.x and 3.x Kindles and Fonts & ScreenSavers Hacks for Kindles
      • The screen saver hack does not currently work on the "Kindle with Special Offers", which uses the screen savers for advertising. On the mobilereads forum, NiLuJe says, "Besides, circumventing this on these specific devices isn’t something I’m particularly inclined to do, for obvious reasons…" v1.15
    • Install new fonts:
    • Duokan is an alternative OS developed for the Kindle:
    • There are other hacks but if you can’t find them yourself you definitely shouldn’t be using them ūüėČ

Book File Formats

  • AZW: This is the format of most books purchased from Amazon; it is a modified version of the .mobi format and can be read only by the Kindle and Kindle apps.
    • Most, but not all, books purchased from Amazon have Digital Rights Management (DRM) which prevents copying from one device to another. DRM’d books must be downloaded separately for each device.
    • Samples are usually DRM-free.
    • Associated files include:
      • Bookmarks, notes etc are saved in an .mbp file.
      • Popular highlights, if you have them turned on, are saved in a .phl file
      • Page number information is (if available) is downloaded wirelessly and stored in a .apnx file (Ver 3.1 update)
      • The ‘Customers who bought this book also bought’ and ‘More by this author’ information that can now be displayed after the last page of a book is also downloaded wirelessly and stored in a .ea file (Ver 3.1 update)
  • TPZ/AZW1: "The dreaded Topaz format" is an Amazon format which can contain embedded fonts and other rendering controls.
    • Files in this format have an .azw1 extension when they are delivered via Whispernet or a .tpz extension when they are delivered via file download.
    • It is likely all books in this format have DRM.
    • If the product details for a book show the number of pages but no file size, it is likely it is in Topaz format.
    • Associated files include:
      • Bookmarks, notes etc are saved in a .tan file.
      • Popular highlights, if you have them turned on, are saved in a .phl file
    • Fortunately, relatively few books purchased from Amazon come in this format, which often behaves badly. For example, your last-read position may not be remembered when the Kindle goes to sleep.
      • It often helps to press HOME when you are finished reading, rather than leaving the book open.
  • Unprotected MOBI/PRC: The Mobipocket format is based on XHTML.
    • Either the .mobi or .prc file extension can be used; the .prc extension arose because PalmOS does not recognise files with a .mobi extension.
    • The Kindle does NOT support protected .mobi files. Even though Mobipocket is now owned by Amazon, protected mobi files have DRM which the Kindle does not handle.
    • Free books formatted for the Kindle from the catalogues of sites such as Feedbooks, MobileRead, and Gutenberg will come in unprotected mobi or prc format.
  • TXT: Plain text files are small and can be read on almost any device, but lack formatting.
  • Non-ADE PDF: PDFs are often used where layout is important and may contain embedded fonts, tables, diagrams etc.
    • PDFs which require ADE (Adobe Digital Editions) are protected and cannot be read on the Kindle.
    • You can read password-protected PDFs on your Kindle.
    • PDFs are often formatted for A4 or letter size pages and do not reflow (change their line length and page size to suit the screen size).
    • If layout is not critical in a PDF, it is often better to convert it to an AZW via Amazon’s conversion service (remembering to put Convert in the subject line of the email) or using a program such as Calibre.
  • AZW2: ‘Active content’ such as games have an AZW2 extension.:
    • These files have DRM and cannot just be copied from one Kindle to another (Active content is not yet available to users outside the US, so I can’t test this)
  • Conversion from other formats: Other book formats require conversion to .mobi format before they can be read on the Kindle.
    • Amazon’s conversion service: Unprotected DOC, DOCX (experimental), TXT, RTF, JPG, GIF, PNG, BMP, ZIP (converts the enclosed files), PDF (with Convert in the subject line)
    • Calibre: Unprotected CHM, EPUB, FB2, HTML, LIT, LRF, ODT, PDB, PDF, RB, RTF, TCR, TXT
    • Any file which requires the use of ADE (Adobe Digital Editions) is protected and cannot be converted.
  • HTML without conversion: If you have a simple HTML/XHTML file, you can read it on the K3 without conversion:
    • Change the file extension to .txt (eg rename Book.html to Book.txt) and then copy it via USB to the Kindle’s documents directory.
    • The Kindle
      will display the file complete with HTML formatting. HTTP links to web sites will work, but not links to other files on the Kindle itself.
    • Nested tables are not supported, even when converted to mobi format; these may need to be converted to PDF to retain formatting.
    • Very large tables, even if they are simple, unnested tables, may not render correctly.

The K3 Keyboard

Kindle 3 keyboard

Kindle 3 keyboard

Just the Keyboard Shortcuts

    Start/stop Shift+Sym
  Stop Back
  Pause/restart Spacebar
Voice Guide v1.16  
    Start/stop Shift+Spacebar
Background Music
  Play/stop Alt+Spacebar
  Next track Alt+F
  Numbers 1 to 0 Alt+Q to Alt+P
  Minesweeper/Gomoku Alt+Shift+M from home screen
  Rescan files Alt+Z from home screen
  Redraw the screen Alt+G
  Screenshot Alt+Shift+G or Alt+Shift+H
  Kindle store Alt+Home
  Display serial no/barcode Alt+Shift+.
  Toggle bookmark Alt+B
  Bookmark location double-click at desired location
  Next/previous chapter 5-way right/left
Settings Screen
  Change 3G provider 311 (Alt+EQQ)
  Kindle information 411 (Alt+RQQ)
  3G Modem information 611 (Alt+YQQ)
  Wi-fi Modem information 711 (Alt+UQQ)
Web Browser
  Nudge Alt+H, Alt+J
  Clear address Alt+Del
Picture Album Viewer
  Zoom in/out/reset Q/W/E
  Rotate R
  Full screen F
  Nudge Numbers (Alt+Q to P)

Latest Version of these tips

In .mobi format – with Table of Contents and chapter marks

In .azw format – converted via Amazon – no TOC or chapter marks

Web site

Thanks to the numerous people who have shared their knowledge via forums, blogs, web sites and comments.

{ 111 } Comments

  1. T Semple | September 6, 2010 at 2:15 am | Permalink

    Thanks for this. I think there are some clarifications to be made in the Search section:
    1. Del or Enter to bring up search box, as well as the @ shortcuts, only work on Home screens the search box that comes up when you are reading an item does not support these AFAICT.
    2. The ‘author ‘ search filter is for searching Kindle store, not My Items. And it uses ‘@authors’ (with ampersand).

  2. btobw | September 6, 2010 at 2:55 am | Permalink

    Thanks for the feedback – it’s much appreciated. I’ll do some re-writing as soon as I get a chance.

    Strangely, @author isn’t listed in @help and I forgot to include it in that list. If you use @author and then move right to search ‘store’, then yes, it lists books in the store. However, I also tried @author followed by a click (which defaults to ‘my items’), and it brought up a list of books on my Kindle by that author. I then discovered I could leave off the @ when searching ‘my items’. If I just type the author’s name without ‘author’ or ‘@author’, then it also finds books which reference the author internally (such as my Calibre catalogue).

    You are, of course, correct about Del etc only working in the Home screen. I definitely need to do some clarification :)

  3. Patrick Tobin | September 7, 2010 at 12:35 pm | Permalink

    Thanks Gorman, Great work…

    kind regards

  4. Tom Semple | September 8, 2010 at 2:38 am | Permalink

    Sorry if I wasn’t clear the first time (I was typing on my Kindle and trying to conserve keystrokes ). Again, ‘@author’ only works for Kindle Store searches. It’s not one of the Home screen @ shortcuts. You can certainly type ‘@author twain’ and it may return results, but it’s actually returning the same results that ‘author twain’ does – the ‘@’ symbol is ignored.

    In fact when I searched for ‘@author darwin’ (or ‘author darwin’) on my current items, the search results did NOT include two books on my Kindle where Darwin is listed as author. They do happen to include two items where ‘darwin’ and ‘author’ are mentioned in close proximity. So apparently when more than one search term is used, it searches for the first term, then within those results for the second, and so on. Since search results only include excerpts of the full content, search will not find the second term unless it is used in proximity to the first (I’d guess within about 64 characters). Interesting…

  5. btobw | September 8, 2010 at 3:29 am | Permalink

    It probably is an artefact. It has to be the full author name: author charles darwin. If I leave out the ‘author’, I get my catalogues, books referencing him, etc. With ‘author’, I just get the books.

    I fixed @author to say you have to select to search the store. You can do that from the home screen.

  6. Neil | September 10, 2010 at 10:30 am | Permalink

    Thanks for this, I’ve just received my first ever Kindle so found your shortcut list really helpful! I was really impressed with Minesweeper, I’d have never have known it was there if wasn’t for you, so thanks!

  7. Little Professor | September 11, 2010 at 2:46 pm | Permalink

    You should add the shortcut ‘ALT+Shift+. (period)’ which brings up the device’s serial number and bar-code. You can find a picture of that in my blog. Also, you didn’t mention the Kindle’s debug menu. If you don’t know how to access the debug menu, press Home, press delete to bring up the search field, and type in ‘;debugOn’ then press enter. Now bring up the search feild again and type in ‘~help’. You can see this in more detail on my blog. Also, one command not listed in ‘~help’ is ‘;dumpMessages’. You should try that. It’s cool. By-the-way, if you expand on this Kindle shortcut book, you should sell it in the Kindle store. It might become popular.

  8. Little Professor | September 11, 2010 at 2:52 pm | Permalink

    Sorry. I meant to say “and then press enter”, not “and then press “. Also, I meant to say “one command not listed in ~help is” instead of “on command listed in ~help is”. I’m writing this on my Kindle 3, so excuse any typos.

  9. Little Professor | September 11, 2010 at 2:55 pm | Permalink

    Oh, one more thing. GIFs and I think PNGs are also supported as a picture file on Kindle along with JPEGs.

  10. btobw | September 11, 2010 at 6:31 pm | Permalink

    Thanks for the feedback, Little Professor. I took the liberty of editing your initial post to correct the omissions you mentioned – makes it easier to read. I do understand typing on a K3 keyboard!

    I think the debug commands might be a bit beyond the intended scope of my document, which is really aimed at newbies whom I’m trying not to confuse too much. However, I will mention your comments in my post so that interested people can find them.

    I think you are probably right about GIFs and PNGs. I will test and then update the tips file.

    Many thanks once again.

  11. Little Professor | September 12, 2010 at 3:56 am | Permalink

    No no no! It is ~ that is used for Kindle 3 debug commands! It was ` on Kindle 2, but ~ on Kindle 3. You should change your post because using ` on Kindle 3 can cause crashing! Oh, and btw, using the ~help command isn’t risky. Nor is using ;dumpMessages (which I really suggest you try. It’s helped me know my Kindle’s internal workings more). Only commands like ~dumpIndexStatus(or `dumpIndexStatus on Kindle 2) and ~disableIndexing are dangerous. Some are handy, such as ~disableScreensaver and ~resumeScreensaver (you can guess what those do!). It’ll be some time before MY blog has much on Kindle 3, as I know more about Kindle 2 and Kindle DX. Anyways, what I wrote about ~ wasn’t a typo. i nevr maik ty pos! !

  12. willswords | September 13, 2010 at 1:42 pm | Permalink

    I really wish the alt+arrow key shortcut worked om the kindle 3 for movimg from one marked spot to another. also why could they not have printed the numbers over the keys? i imagine after a while i’ll have them memorized anyway. thanks for the great work here!

  13. Shirley Kaiser | September 14, 2010 at 5:47 am | Permalink

    I’m finding that when I try this shortcut that instead the music starts playing on my new Kindle 3 with Wi-Fi + 3G:

    Screenshot: ALT+Shift+G (saves a .GIF in the Kindle document directory)

    Any clue why? Is it an upper case G? I’m just pressing ALT+Shift+g (lower case).

    Thanks for the great shortcut tips. I know these will help a lot. :-)

  14. Joe DiGioia | September 14, 2010 at 8:03 am | Permalink

    ty for all your tips on kindle 3 shortcuts- one question?-is there a shortcut to go to the beginning of a book without going to “menu” and “go to”?- ty for your advice and help- much appreciated

  15. btobw | September 14, 2010 at 9:03 am | Permalink

    I’m very confused as to why you are getting music played. There isn’t a lowercase G marked on the K3 keyboard – not that it matters, as you are holding Shift anyway.

    Are you holding all three keys together? I’ve added a picture of the K3 keyboard to the bottom of the post. You hold down Alt and Shift together, and, with them both still held down, press the letter G. It’s not easy to do because the Alt and Shift are so close together. Could it be that you are accidentally pressing the big spacebar at the same time?

    I’ve not seen, nor been able to find while playing around, any shortcut for getting to the beginning of a book. Apart from using Go To in the book menu, the other way is:

    From the booklist (on the Home screen or in a collection), move to the book title and move the 5-way to the right. One of the options that comes up for the book is to open it at the beginning.

  16. btobw | September 14, 2010 at 10:08 am | Permalink

    I’ve added the pic of the keyboard to the download files too. We’re now up to ver 1.6

  17. Shirley Kaiser | September 14, 2010 at 12:28 pm | Permalink

    Thanks for the quick response! Much appreciated. :-)

    Well, I have no idea what I did before that was different, but I tried it again several times and it worked just fine and I got the screenshots using ALT+Shift+G. Perhaps I did accidentally hit the SHIFT key, as I tried that just now and got the music.

    Ah, well, I’ve just had my first Kindle for a week now, so I gotta give myself a break, I suppose. LOL At any rate, I’m chuckling at myself, and I appreciate your help. :-)

    And thanks again for these shortcuts. I know it will make a huge difference, especially when I make sure I hit the right keys. LOL

  18. Rick Zehr | September 14, 2010 at 4:25 pm | Permalink

    The progress bar also has a tiny down-pointing arrow just above it that indicates where the Kindle thinks is your last page read. If you were to do a power-off, this is where you would return to from the Home page.
    To update its location, you need to go to the home page before power-off.

  19. btobw | September 15, 2010 at 1:09 am | Permalink

    I’m glad you have it working now :) I suspect that, in trying to do that awkward Alt+Shift, your fingers ended up somehow doing an Alt-Spacebar. Enjoy our Kindle!

    Thanks for mentioning the little start location indicator. I’m not clear about your comments about power-off. Do you turn your Kindle right off (hold the power switch for 7 seconds so the screen goes blank)?

    I would only turn my Kindle off if I wasn’t going to be using it for weeks. I just let it go to sleep – the word is that that is better for the battery.

    If you do turn your Kindle right off then, yes, you should return to the Home screen first so it has a chance to save your current location in the book.

    I don’t usually go to the Home screen before putting the Kindle to sleep, and have never had a problem with the Kindle remembering where it left off. When I wake it up, the little start location marker has moved to the location I was up to when it went to sleep.

    I understand some Topaz format books can have a problem remembering their location, and going Home first helps with that.

  20. Little Professor | September 15, 2010 at 4:11 am | Permalink

    You should add the fact that pressing ALT+Shift+H also takes a screenshot. If I’m right, that also saves the screenshot as a GIF file. Whenever I take a screenshot, I use ALT+Shift+H so that I know it actually worked. Sometimes, if I use ALT+Shift+G, I accidentally only press ALT+G, and the screen refreshes the same way as if a screenshot was taken but I won’t know untill I connect my Kindle with my computer and check in the ‘documents’ folder.

  21. Little Professor | September 17, 2010 at 1:24 pm | Permalink

    Does .azw1 format ever have the same problems as .tpz format? If I’m right, .azw1 and .tpz are the same formats. The only difference is that .tpz formats are transfered via a computer and .azw1 is downloaded from the Kindle Store directly. I think .tpz and .azw1 formats have custom fonts embedded in the file so that a book can have its own fonts (instead of the 3 default Kindle fonts: regular, condenced, and Sans Sarif). Also, could you highlight the differences, advantages, and disadvantages between the different e-book formats that the Kindle 3 supports (.txt, .mobi, .prc, .azw, .azw1, .tpz, and .pdf)? That would be very helpfull. Also, you should add the shortcut ALT+Shift+period. I think I already wrote a comment about that but I don’t know if it got through (I don’t see it in my comments).

  22. btobw | September 19, 2010 at 1:52 pm | Permalink

    Hi Little Professor. The Alt+Shift-. shortcut was added in ver 1.5, though I’m not convinced that it’s particularly useful; your original mention is in comment 7.

    Comments on files formats are outside my original intended scope. I’m not planning on writing a book: I was just trying to give some practical keyboard tips for people new to the Kindle.

    Having said that, I’ve had a ver 1.7 in draft for a while now. It’s main change was to add the info that *simple* html doesn’t have to be converted; the file extension can just be changed to .txt and the K2/K3 quite happily displays simple html formatting (but no complex, nested tables, for example). I could add a few brief comments on file formats when I find time to publish the update.
    [edited to add missing words]

  23. btobw | September 20, 2010 at 1:53 am | Permalink

    Ok Little Prof – I added a section on book formats; but I’m definitely not turning this into a book! I also added your Alt+Shift+H tip for screenshots; thank you very much for that one – it’s a good one.

  24. Little Professor | September 20, 2010 at 4:27 am | Permalink

    Here’s a handy tip to know if ALT+Shift+G (or H) successfully took a screenshot (sometimes the screen will flash after you try to take a screenshot but nothing is actually saved). What you do is, after pressing ALT+Shift+G, press MENU. If it takes 5 or so seconds for the menu to open, then the screenshot was taken successfully (the Kindle will temperarily freeze up as the screenshot is being saved. It’s just like a slow shutter camera in that respect). One problem with taking screenshots on the web is that the little arrow cursor isn’t imobilized like it should be, and taking a screenshot while moving the cursor will result in a blurred cursor in the GIF screenshot. A Kindle taking a screenshot is like a scanner or photocopier: you have to keep the paper perfectly still or the image will be blurred. P.S. I hope you don’t mind me commenting often. I’ll stop if you’d like.

  25. Little Professor | September 20, 2010 at 4:32 am | Permalink

    Yay! Firmware version 3.0.2 is out for Kindle 3! Finally no more freezing!

  26. Little Professor | September 20, 2010 at 4:33 am | Permalink

    One more thing (sorry for so many comments). I think you should discuss AZW2 format. That would be helpfull.

  27. btobw | September 21, 2010 at 1:17 am | Permalink

    Little Prof: Feel free to comment :) However, I don’t promise to reply or update often. I’m a bit busy at work at the moment because I have to get stuff done before going on a holiday to New Zealand. However, I will try to add a line about AZW2 at some stage. I don’t have any AZW2 files myself – Amazon aren’t making the active content available to international Kindle owners. I hope that changes.

  28. Bill | September 22, 2010 at 2:44 am | Permalink

    “Author or title search: then click/” doesn’t work for me.

    When I press any letter from the Home screen, it opens up a search box, and proceeds to search the whole Kindle.

  29. btobw | September 22, 2010 at 10:46 am | Permalink

    Hi Bill
    You have to make sure you are in the right sort order first, and it only works if you type just the first letter.

    For example, say you want to go to book titles beginning with ‘M”. Near the top of the Home screen, on the right it should say “By Title”. If it doesn’t, use the 5-way to move up to that line and then move right. You will get the options Most Recent First/Title/Author/Collections. Use the 5-way to underline ‘Title’ and click the 5-way. Now you are back on the Home screen. Press the letter ‘m’. The search box will show the ‘m’ plus the wording ‘click to go to M titles’. Just click the 5-way. If you type more than one letter, then it will do a full search.

    Similarly, if you want to go to an author, you must first make sure you are in ‘By Author’ sort order.

  30. Little Professor | September 23, 2010 at 5:00 am | Permalink

    It’s not that large tables are CPU intensive. The Kindle’s CPU runs at 532 MHz! The reason they won’t always format correctly is because some of them need to be rendered with more complex software that the Kindle doesn’t have. If it was just CPU intensive, it would still render correctly, but it would take a long time. The only HARDWARE limit would be the Kindle’s onboard RAM, and Kindle 3 has 256 MB of RAM! Kindle just doesn’t have the right software to render complex tables. It tries to render these tables anyway, and makes mistakes. Kindle 3 has plenty of CPU power and RAM.

  31. Little Professor | September 24, 2010 at 2:05 am | Permalink

    I found out that if you press ALT+H on a webpage, the screen will nudge a little to the left and if you press ALT+J on a web page, the screen will nudge a little to the left. Note that this only works if the web page is wider than the Kindle’s screen (i.e. if there is the little bar at the bottom of the screen).

  32. Tom Semple | September 30, 2010 at 11:06 am | Permalink

    This guide keeps getting better and better. thanks!

    I was going to mention the ALT,H & ALT,J shortcuts (note that ALT stickiness applies to these as well..) but LP beat me to it.

    I’d like to find a shortcut to go directly to the browser Bookmarks. They should just add it to the Home screen like any other item. And I’d like to edit that file directly somehow.

    Also, note that you can type an url (or any string) directly on Home pages and use GoTo to launch the browser (officially documented even). No need to do @url in front of it. No idea why GoTo isn’t available when reading a book, but you can just launch a wikipedia search and go from there.

    Love Shift+Alt+. and the resultant bar code. That’s going to help at inventory time.

  33. Tom Semple | September 30, 2010 at 11:20 am | Permalink

    Also @author is not supported for at least K2 or K3 searches (and is not listed by @help). It does work for searches in Kindle Store (using any Kindle model, probably). So it should be listed as a separate Kindle-store-only search thing, not under the @help options.

    BTW, searching for ‘.’ seems to take you directly to the search results page, without finding any items (to check for unindexed items). They must throw away punctuation from the search string or something. Anyway it is the shortest possible search string that doesn’t find any items.

  34. Tom Semple | September 30, 2010 at 11:29 am | Permalink more concisely, to check indexing, just two keystrokes: . ,.

  35. Tom Semple | September 30, 2010 at 11:31 am | Permalink

    I’ll try again (comments don’t like angle braces, or they need…) : just 2 keystrokes, ‘period’, ‘enter’.

  36. Little Professor | October 2, 2010 at 2:36 am | Permalink

    You missed some shortcuts for picture viewer. Pressing F toggles between full screen and non-full screen. And pressing a number (ALT+Q for example) when on full screen mode wil bring up a ruler of some sort on the bottom. Pressing a number twice (ALT+QQ for example) goes to the next picture. If the picture is wider than the Kindle screen (600 px), pressing a number will nudge the screen a little to the right. The higher the number, the farther the nudge (ALT+Q will move the screen slightly to the right whereas ALT+I will move the screen far to the right).

  37. Mark | October 5, 2010 at 7:37 am | Permalink

    Is there any way to search for the next/previous occurrence of a term, instead of pulling up a list of all terms? Since Kindle 1, I have assumed this was an oversight on my part, because my most common use case — take me to the most recent time this character was mentioned — requires so many keystrokes.

    Is there an easter egg for this?


  38. Little Professor | October 8, 2010 at 5:49 am | Permalink

    I think you should explain how to install the Savory Document Processor. The Savory Document Processor is a version of Calibre tweaked to run on Kindle’s Linux operating system. When installed, the Savory Document Processor automatically scans for any files with the extension .epub, .lit, .odt, .rtf, .oebzip, fb2, or .pdf and converts them into a Mobipocket-format e-book (.mobi) so that it can be read directly on Kindle or even downloaded using the Kindle’s own web browser.

  39. Little Professor | October 9, 2010 at 12:12 pm | Permalink

    Do you know why Kindle sometimes re-indexes all of its books?

  40. btobw | October 12, 2010 at 11:50 am | Permalink

    Hi folks
    Sorry for my silence, but I’ve been in New Zealand doing things like walking the Tongariro Alpine Crossing. I’m old and unfit – and lucky to be alive ūüėÄ

    No, I don’t know why the Kindle sometimes re-indexes. I’ve not personally noticed it doing this, though I’ve seen it mentioned. I assume there is some error-trapping in there that causes it to happen when it has a problem with searches or the like.

    And no, I don’t know of a way to go to next/previous search results, though using BACK to get back to the list of results is not all that difficult. I find I most often search for the first time a character is mentioned because I’ve entirely forgotten who they are. To find the most recent mention, I would make a mental note of my current location before searching; then page through the result list to find the one with a location just before the current location.

    I’ll catch up on other things once I have my work situation under control (possibly in 2011).

  41. Little Professor | October 14, 2010 at 8:49 am | Permalink

    You should check out this site. It’s a blog about Kindle, just like yours! Here’s the link:

  42. Little Professor | October 16, 2010 at 5:14 pm | Permalink

    I suggest you put in a link to my blog instead of saying “you can see his comments below”. If there is a link, then people with the e-book version of your tips won’t know what comments you are talking about (comments are not present in your e-book).

    P.S. You should explain the alternate Duokan firmware for Kindle.

  43. Tom Semple | November 10, 2010 at 8:36 am | Permalink

    Wow, just discovered some picture viewer features (they’ve been there all along, at least since K2, but never saw them documented)

    Re: photo albums
    – You can create the subfolder that is to contain the image files directly in the ‘documents’ folder – you don’t have to put this in ‘pictures’.
    – You can package the images in a .zip file (or .cbz) and place this in ‘documents’. The advantages of this are 1) potentially less space consumed 2) deleting the item deletes the .zip file (when using a folder, deleting the item does not delete the image files in the folder)
    – ‘f’ toggles full screen mode (removes the title/status bar)
    – the ‘text’ menu (Aa button) has options to view ‘Actual Size’ (full resolution), Scale to Fit Screen, Fit Width, Fit Height, and Screen Rotation
    – the picture viewing menu has options to set ‘dithering’ on or off, set the ‘anchor’ point of a larger-than-screen-size image to Top Left or Top Right (the latter is useful for ‘manga’, whose reading order usually follows Japanese right-to-left convention), toggle full screen mode (use ‘f’ instead, it is quicker), Use Partial Refresh (whatever that does), and Enable/Disable Pan to Next Page (alternative to using Next/Previous buttons.
    – Some of the viewing option states are not ‘sticky’, i.e. retained from session to session. The menu may say it is a certain way, but you may have to toggle twice to get this to take effect (a bug). For example, Full Screen mode will be disabled when you start a viewing session, but the menu option may say ‘Disable Full Screen Mode’ nevertheless. Just ignore what the menu item says and select it until it has the desired effect (assuming the effect is one that you can detect).

  44. Tom Semple | November 10, 2010 at 8:51 am | Permalink

    Alt,Del also clears the web browser’s address field, but doesn’t seem to work in a web form text field the cursor is in.

  45. Tom Semple | November 10, 2010 at 8:53 am | Permalink

    Speaking of the web browser, there’s probably many tips concerning the use of that. Maybe for v2.0??

  46. Tom Semple | November 11, 2010 at 6:16 am | Permalink

    One more hotkey for picture viewer:
    ‘c’ toggles Actual Size setting.

  47. William H. Gates, II | November 18, 2010 at 11:47 pm | Permalink

    The search can be used as a calculator. Simple expressions like “5+6”, “2*8/3” and “sin(8)” work.

  48. Michael | December 7, 2010 at 11:50 am | Permalink

    It’s very useful, thanks, I have translate this guide to chinese and include a link back to here ( So if you have any problems , please contact with me!

  49. btobw | December 12, 2010 at 2:23 pm | Permalink

    Tom: I couldn’t get the photo album to work by putting the pics in a subdirectory in the ‘documents’ folder. It’s been a disaster-filled update to version 1.9 (computer hell = doing updates once and then losing the lot). I hope I managed to cover most other things in my second attempt at doing an update. Thanks heaps for the tips and feedback.

  50. btobw | December 12, 2010 at 2:27 pm | Permalink

    Hi folks – and many, many thanks to everyone for the tips and feedback. Ver 1.9 is available now.

    I had a bit of a meltdown at work (I’m a computer programmer) and took a day off. That precipitated another meltdown when computer problems meant I had to do the update twice. I hope I didn’t miss too much in having to re-do everything – I was a bit over computers by then ūüėČ

    Anyway – enjoy the update, and let me know if I have stuffed up badly!

  51. btobw | December 27, 2010 at 1:20 pm | Permalink

    We’re now up to Version 1.10, with additions on creating a ‘book’ of web bookmarks for easier access to the web browser, and what to do when the Collections options are greyed out.

  52. Steven Ehrbar | December 28, 2010 at 11:31 am | Permalink

    Calculator documentation:

    Standard operators are + (addition), – (subtraction), * (multiplication), / (division), % (modulus), and ^ (exponentiation).

    Parentheses () work for grouping, {} and [] do not.

    Functions, which work on a value or expression in the parentheses, are:
    Trig functions: acos(), asin(), atan(), cos(), cosh(), sin(), sinh(), tan(), tanh()
    Other functions: abs() [absolute value], exp() [e to the power of], ln() [natural logarithm], log() [base 10 logarithm], sqrt() [square root].

    You can assign values to variables with =; for example, test=9. The results of the last operation are stored in the variable _ (underscore), while the values of pi and e are stored in pi and e, respectively.

    There may be additional calculator functions, but I’ve gone through everything in the standard Java.math library at this point.

  53. btobw | December 29, 2010 at 8:38 am | Permalink

    Thanks very much, Steven! Version 1.11 has a new section on Kindle calculations which contains your excellent information. I’ve added this proviso:

    Assign _ to a variable before using it in further calculations. I have found that using _ directly results in the calculation being done twice. For example, if you enter 5*2, then _ is 10. Entering _*2 results in 40, not 20. However, if you enter y=_, you get a result of y = _ = 10. y*2 then correctly results in 20.

  54. btobw | January 3, 2011 at 10:45 am | Permalink

    Now up to ver 1.12. The web site itself now has links to each section, and there have been minor additions to the sections on TTS, adding books to collections, and web browsing.

  55. Ian | January 4, 2011 at 10:58 am | Permalink

    For DATE & time, if you when you search for DATE in (All my items) you can do this form inside of a book, the advantage is that the BACK button then takes you straight back to the book that you were reading.

    Tested on a K3 (wifi + 3G)

  56. btobw | January 4, 2011 at 11:43 am | Permalink

    Thanks Ian. I’ll modify the search section in my next update.

  57. Jim Schuchert | January 11, 2011 at 5:39 am | Permalink

    Thank you for all of your time in creating these shortcuts. You might mention that the trig functions apparently are for angles expressed in radians only. Multiplying by .0174533 will make the conversion to degrees. For example, to obtain the sin of 10¬į use sin(10*.0174533). Maybe some enterprising kindle user can suggest a way to save this value to avoid typing it each time…or the programmers at Amazon could provide the option to use degrees vs radians.

  58. Justin J | January 12, 2011 at 3:38 pm | Permalink

    I’m not sure if this is a shortcut or a glitch so I thought I’d put it out there… I did this on accident but found out that if you press alt + home while in the web browser it takes you to the kindle store like normal but if you press alt + shift + home in the browser it highlighs everything frome the current location of the cursor all the way to the top of the web page, then it goes to the kindle store. when you reopen the web browser it stays highlighted until you click the five-way. Do you think that maybe this indicates a way to highlite and/or copy text in-browser?

  59. btobw | January 15, 2011 at 11:20 am | Permalink

    Sorry for the delay in posting comments. It’s been busy and work and I’m way too easily distracted, so I’ve been ignoring my blog :)

    Jim: Many thanks for the info. I have an update underway – it’s just a matter of making time to create the download files etc.

    Justin: I’ll have a play with it to see if I can get it to do anything useful.

    I appreciate the feedback.

  60. Justin J | January 16, 2011 at 12:11 pm | Permalink

    Ok, cool. I recently found out that you can press Alt+M on Facebook to bring up the “New Message” popup… although sadly I couldn’t find any other shortcuts for Facebook. I will try some of the other shortcuts I know for other popular websites and keep you updated on that as well.

  61. btobw | January 16, 2011 at 10:20 pm | Permalink

    Version 1.13 is now available. Added a new ‘FAQs and Hacks’ section; the FAQs are a work in progress. Also added info on searching for date/time when in a book, ejecting the Kindle from Vista/Win7, how to create/rename a collection, using Alt+M to bring up the new message dialog in Facebook, using radians for trig functions, info on .phl files.

    Justin: I couldn’t repeat the highlighting in the web browser. I tried before and after restarting the Kindle. No highlight at all.

  62. D. Baughman | January 23, 2011 at 1:43 pm | Permalink

    Just found this Kindle 3 help page and want to compliment you on making it available. It is a tremendous help.

    Thanks so much!

  63. RJ | January 23, 2011 at 3:49 pm | Permalink

    Great job! Thank you for sharing this.

  64. btobw | January 24, 2011 at 7:27 am | Permalink

    You’re most welcome, D and RJ. Thanks for the comments – I’m glad you’ve found the post useful.

  65. Rebecca | January 25, 2011 at 1:55 pm | Permalink

    These shortcuts are all really helpful. I wish a few more keyboard shortcuts within the Kindle Browser existed on the K3, but I guess since it’s “experimental” we can’t hope for much.

    I just wanted to share something that’s been really useful for me that hasn’t been mentioned anywhere that I’ve seen – maybe because it’s so simple:
    Whenever you’re in the selection mode, when you add or remove check marks from a list of items (like in Add/Remove Items from Collections), you don’t have to scroll down to the bottom to select “Done.” If you simply press the “Back” button, the Kindle retains your changes.

  66. btobw | January 25, 2011 at 2:13 pm | Permalink

    Hi Rebecca. I don’t use the ‘done’ button when adding to/removing from collections either. It’s an excellent idea to add that to the tips. It will be in the next update – many thanks!

  67. Tom Semple | February 14, 2011 at 4:33 am | Permalink

    The closest thing to a shortcut to launch the browser I’ve found is to type ‘.’ at the Home screen and move the 5way right until you get to ‘go to’. Select that option and it launches the browser. Since ‘.’ is not a valid URL it immediately puts up a ‘Your Kindle is unable to load the requested page’ dialog, which is easily dismissed, and leaves you in the browser at the page last viewed, ready for further action (bookmark, enter url, continue reading the web page previously viewed, etc.).

  68. Aaron W | February 16, 2011 at 3:32 am | Permalink

    Dianne — thank you so much for this awesome resource.

    Does anyone know if it’s possible to copy / cut / paste inside of the Kindle browser (Kindle 3G)? Like inside of a textarea — for example, when composing an email in a webmail program, or using a web-based editor (like …

    I’m determined to find a way to make simple editing of my lists and things on the go easier! I may jailbreak and/or write my own kindlet if I have too!

    But if it’s built in, so much the better … as your document proves, there’s tons of undocumented (or hardly documented) stuff we can do with these things!!

  69. Aaron W | February 16, 2011 at 3:33 am | Permalink

    Oops, meant “have to” not “too” … :) I nvr maik ty pos neither … :)

  70. Tom Semple | February 16, 2011 at 12:25 pm | Permalink

    MP3 files will appear as items on Home screen (which you can put into Collections, delete, etc.) and are playable with the audiobook interface if you put them in the ‘Audible’ folder. Especially useful for MP3 format audiobooks.

    New file extensions in 3.1 update:
    – .apnx – for books with ‘real’ page numbers
    – .ea – an xml file that contains the data for the ‘Customers who bought this book also bought’ and ‘More by this author’ lists that now show up after the last page of the book, with links to the title’s Kindle Store page.
    – .phl – contains ‘popular highlights’. deleting this will get rid of ph’s for that book, at least for awhile (not sure if it gets refreshed periodically). These started showing up with the 2.x update that added the ph feature, and continue with 3.x.
    – .sa – this is an .xml file with ‘public notes’, you only see this if you ‘follow’ the author of the notes and share the same version of the same ebook.

  71. worm | February 17, 2011 at 8:57 pm | Permalink

    Just wanted to note that I’ve used your Collection naming scheme using the various braces, and it works like a dream – so well that every time someone asks about collections, I recommend it as *the* solution :)

    Lost the link to this post for ages so I couldn’t give due credit, but I will be doing so from now on.

    Good work !

  72. btobw | February 17, 2011 at 9:19 pm | Permalink

    Aaron: I’m not aware of any copy/paste ability in the browser. Of course, that doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist – I’ll keep my eyes open!

  73. btobw | February 17, 2011 at 9:23 pm | Permalink

    Tom: Thanks for the extra info. I had updated to add .apnx and .ea files, but wasn’t aware of .sa. I did also see mention of .eal files somewhere; I was going to chase that up when I do my next edit. I’ll also add a section on using the audible folder vs the background music.

  74. btobw | February 17, 2011 at 9:24 pm | Permalink

    I’m glad you like the collection naming scheme, worm :)

  75. Britainy | February 23, 2011 at 7:39 am | Permalink

    This is great! I’m created a cheat sheet from the information and keep with my Kindle at all times ūüėÄ One thing though . . . I read some where that ALT + R while web browsing will refresh the page and it does!! maybe you could add that on your next go around!! Thanks for the super trips & tricks!

  76. jT | February 24, 2011 at 7:16 am | Permalink

    NICE job Dianne! I was wanting to collect Tips and Tricks I’ve found for easy reference and then I lucked on your site. Not only have what I wanted, but in a downloadable book format to boot!

    Got my Kindle 3 yesterday. Love it. Just wish they would add ability to borrow from my library!!!



  77. Alan Grand | March 2, 2011 at 2:06 am | Permalink

    Is there any way of disabling one set of the page advance/page back buttons I find it a nuisance if both sets on the left and right hand sides are active. Nowhere to put youe hands without accidentally turning pages

  78. btobw | March 2, 2011 at 2:16 am | Permalink

    Sorry Alan, but there’s no way to disable the buttons that I know of. When I bought my K3 last year, I quite often hit the page buttons by mistake when I picked up the Kindle. However, I’ve found it is happening much less often now. I guess I’ve adjusted from K2 to K3 mode.

  79. domenico | March 25, 2011 at 2:22 am | Permalink

    Hello! Excellent review of controls many of whom just strangers! I wonder if you know a way to activate all the controls on the site without registering the kindle 3 on Amazon, this because my old kindle was replaced with a new due damaged display . Amazon did not want me back the old/damaged kindle but they unregistered it and the S / N must have cancelled…The old Kindle still works even the display is damaged and I would use it as a spare.

    Many thanks.

    Domenico.(I wrote the message with the help of an online translator, I write from italy)

  80. MrBooknerd | April 10, 2011 at 9:16 am | Permalink

    Here is a color coded symbol table made from a K3 screen shot showing exactly which symbols are “safe” to use as a sort prefix.
    This is a 5 KB .png file.

    Greens are safe.
    Blue are problematic. (Too many book titles begin with a number.)
    Reds are virtually certain to give to unsatisfactory results sooner or later.

    This is based on creating three new collections for each of the 48 symbols in the K3 symbol table and studying the results.

    1. [
    2. [test
    3. [ test
    4. ]
    5. ]test
    6. ] test

    At the same site as the above mentioned picture you’ll find another picture made – by stitching together a series of k3 screen shots – showing the entire sequence of 147 collections and two book titles.
    It’s only 37 KB but it’s 490 x 7660 pixels and I’m not sure that there is anyway to make shutterfly show you the full sized image.
    (If you’re a shutter fly member, it’s conceivable that you can downloaded it after you’ve logged in, but I wouldn’t count on it.)
    You can consider these images to be public domain.
    If the owner of this site wants copies – either for personal reference or to display on this site, just email me and I’ll send you copies.

    If anyone did the math and wonders how (48 x 3 symbols) + 2 book titles manages to total 149, there are three additional collections which include 2, 3 or 4 spaces between the : symbol and the word test.

  81. btobw | April 10, 2011 at 11:17 am | Permalink

    domenico: To be fully functional, your K3 must be registered with Amazon. They ‘blacklist’ Kindles that have been reported as stolen or lost, and will not allow them to be registered.

    I suggest you need to get in touch with Kindle customer service via the ‘Contact Us’ button at . I dropped my K3 and broke the screen. Amazon replaced it without problems, though I did have to return the damaged Kindle.

  82. btobw | April 10, 2011 at 11:40 am | Permalink

    Thanks, MrBooknerd – an apt moniker ūüėČ I couldn’t see a readable image of the collections list, but I had already decided to stick to brackets and braces with no space after them.

  83. Son-In-Law | April 12, 2011 at 1:26 pm | Permalink

    I am trying to help my mother-in-law figure out how to jump to a page in the kindle store (from kindle 3g). Anyone have any advice? Is this a feature others would use?


  84. MrBooknerd | April 13, 2011 at 7:24 am | Permalink

    Newly minted (un-dirtied) collection names sort differently than renamed collections.

    Try this:
    1. Create (Reading: French)
    2. Create (Reading: Political Opinion)
    3. Is everything properly ordered as you expect? (My guess: yes)
    4. Rename (Reading: French) to (Reading: french)
    5. And Rename (Reading: Political Opinion) to (Reading: political opinion)
    6. Is everything properly ordered as you expect? If your answer to 3 above was yes, your answer to this current question will be NO!

    You can try renaming them back to the Capitalized versions, but that won’t fix it. You could revise the experiment to begin with lower case names and then rename to Capitalized but the results won’t really change.

    Newly minted (un-dirtied) collection names sort differently than renamed collections.

    Based on my previous experiments, here is the sort order for newly minted collection names.

    Using a ? symbol to represent the space character(s) in collection names, here is the sort order for all of the

    0 ?
    1 –
    2 :?TextString
    3 ¬Ņ?TextString
    4 “?TextString
    5 ]?TextString
    6 \?TextString
    7 ¬Ľ?TextString
    8 :?TextString
    9 ‘?TextString
    10 -?TextString
    11 ??TextString
    12 %?TextString
    13 ¬ę?TextString
    14 }?TextString
    15 ,?TextString
    16 /?TextString
    17 !?TextString
    18 ¬°?TextString
    19 &?TextString
    20 .?TextString
    21 #?TextString
    22 )?TextString
    23 *?TextString
    24 ;?TextString
    25 @?TextString
    26 _
    27 _?TextString
    28 _TextString
    29 ,
    30 ;
    31 :
    32 !
    33 ¬°
    34 ?
    35 ¬Ņ
    36 /
    37 .
    38 `
    39 `?TextString
    40 `TextString
    41 ^
    42 ^?TextString
    43 ^TextString
    44 ~
    45 ~?TextString
    46 ~?TextString
    47 ‘
    48 “
    49 ¬ę
    50 ¬Ľ
    51 (
    52 (?TextString
    53 (TextString
    54 )
    55 [
    56 [TextString
    57 [?TextString
    58 ]
    59 {
    60 {TextString
    61 {?TextString
    62 }
    63 @
    64 $
    65 $?TextString
    66 $TextString
    67 ‚ā¨
    68 ‚ā¨?TextString
    69 ‚ā¨TextString
    70 £
    71 £?TextString
    72 £TextString
    73 *
    74 \
    75 &
    76 #
    77 %
    78 +
    79 +?TextString
    80 +TextString
    81 <
    82 <?TextString
    88 >?TextString
    89 >TextString
    90 |
    91 |?TextString
    92 |TextString
    93 0
    94 0?TextString
    95 0TextString
    96 1
    97 1?TextString
    98 1TextString
    99 2
    100 2?TextString
    101 2TextString
    102 3
    103 3?TextString
    104 3TextString
    105 4
    106 4?TextString
    107 4TextString
    108 5
    109 5?TextString
    110 5TextString
    111 6
    112 6?TextString
    113 6TextString
    114 7
    115 7?TextString
    116 7TextString
    117 8
    118 8?TextString
    119 8TextString
    120 9
    121 9?TextString
    122 9TextString
    … some number of contravening document names
    … and assuming you have a document name actually exactly matching TextString – that document
    nnn TextString
    nnn -TextString
    nnn _TextString
    nnn ,TextString
    nnn ;TextString
    nnn :TextString
    nnn !TextString
    nnn ¬°TextString
    nnn ?TextString
    nnn ¬ŅTextString
    nnn /TextString
    nnn .TextString
    nnn `TextString
    nnn ^TextString
    nnn ~TextString
    nnn ‘TextString
    nnn “TextString
    nnn ¬ęTextString
    nnn ¬ĽTextString
    nnn )TextString
    nnn ]TextString
    nnn @TextString
    nnn $TextString
    nnn ‚ā¨TextString
    nnn £TextString
    nnn *TextString
    nnn \TextString
    nnn &TextString
    nnn #TextString
    nnn %TextString

  85. MrBooknerd | April 13, 2011 at 7:32 am | Permalink

    The comment submit routine(s) changed the character I was using to represent a Space into a Question Mark. It also changed a couple of two character string sequences into smiley faces. Give me your email address and I’ll send you a word document with the munged table.

  86. Luke | April 15, 2011 at 9:34 am | Permalink

    is there a way to jump quickly between specific books, without going through the home menu? can i assign a hot key to a specific book if i need to make frequent references to it?

  87. btobw | May 2, 2011 at 3:22 am | Permalink

    Sorry folks – I’ve been a bit busy and haven’t been giving this due attention. I’ve just updated the post and files with some miscellaneous stuff – mention of library lending coming for US people later this year, getting to the beginning of a book, disappearing collections, viewing books in your archives, getting rid of popular highlights (which don’t seem quite so popular with everyone), and a little bit extra about page numbers. Just search for 1.15 to see the changed sections.

    Luke: I’m a bit late in replying, but there’s not way to jump between specific books without going to the home page. However, I create a collection called ‘Current’ and put all my current reading into it. I then sort by collections. Because, when you sort by collections, the most recently used collection is at the top of the page, it means it is very quick to go to that collection and find the book I want.

  88. DeeL | August 14, 2011 at 8:34 am | Permalink

    I just want to add one more general shortcut, if you press ALT + . (dot) – screen refreshes 2 times for even better refresh … sometimes one refresh (ALT + G) is not enough to completely get rid of some ghosting

  89. ellak | September 3, 2011 at 10:21 am | Permalink

    I am desperately seeking some type of shortcut or keyswitch so that I can turn pages whilst reading using the button(s) at the bottom of the screen- not the buttons at the side.
    I have found tips to turn on automatic page turning, and using text to speech, but I want to manually turn the pages.

  90. btobw | September 3, 2011 at 11:05 am | Permalink

    Hi Ella. I’ve never come across any keyboard shortcut like that.

    The only possibility I can think of is to change to landscape mode: press the Aa key and cursor down to ‘Screen Rotation’ and select one of the landscape orientations. The forward and back keys will then be at the bottom and top of the Kindle as you’re reading.

  91. btobw | September 3, 2011 at 11:07 am | Permalink

    Thanks for that tip, DeeL. I wonder if it’s doing something else at the same time as it’s refreshing the screen.

  92. ellak | September 4, 2011 at 9:05 pm | Permalink

    Many thanks – I feel a fool for overlooking the obvious.

  93. Jennifer | September 25, 2011 at 10:45 am | Permalink

    Lifesaver – that’s what you are!!!

  94. btobw | October 15, 2011 at 1:57 pm | Permalink

    It’s probably the last update, but we’re now up to version 1.16. I’ve added/updated information on archiving personal documents, the new Voice Guide shortcut in ver 3.3, library lending, and an assortment of minor tips and changes to wording because of changes to the Amazon site.

  95. Amazon Kindle | November 13, 2011 at 12:10 pm | Permalink

    Any new information I can get on my Kindle is wonderful. Thanks!

  96. Kamil | November 18, 2011 at 8:58 pm | Permalink

    Hi all,
    Is it possible to turn a page (not pdf) only half-way on Kindle 3? Is there a keyboard shortcut for this? Something like switching to continuous paper mode would be even better.

  97. btobw | November 19, 2011 at 9:27 am | Permalink

    Hi Kamil. Sorry, but I’m not aware of any way to do half page turns or continuous scroll on the K3.

  98. vip arac kiralama | December 23, 2011 at 10:06 pm | Permalink

    thanks! bookmarked!

  99. Little Professor | December 24, 2011 at 10:48 am | Permalink

    Just a note: I’d highly recommend turning of debug mode (with the command “;debugOff”) after you’re done using it. Keeping debug mode on all of the time causes the Kindle to frequently write debug data to a log file, which can really slow down the system.

  100. btobw | December 31, 2011 at 12:02 pm | Permalink

    Thanks, Little Prof – I agree entirely about turning off debug mode.

  101. bf | December 31, 2011 at 6:07 pm | Permalink

    Good article, tyvm
    Not what i was looking for, but useful.
    I would like to make an index file for text, mobi and prc files on my k3 that are links to open the referred file.
    I use Mobipocket reader & creator to turn html files into prc. Works great for me on web links, but doesn’t link to files. Any help welcomed.
    Thank you.

  102. btobw | December 31, 2011 at 7:07 pm | Permalink

    Sorry, bf, but I don’t know of any way to link to other books on the device. It would be very useful.

    I have a catalogue generated by calibre. To get to a book from the catalogue, I highlight the title, press space bar to put the title in the search box (as described in the ‘Searching’ section above); I then cursor across to ‘My items’, and the book itself will be listed in the search results. Not quite as convenient as a link, but still useful.

  103. Barbara | February 8, 2012 at 4:15 am | Permalink

    Please help! I have downloaded 2 library books onto my Kindle. They have downloaded to the Archived Items section and are grayed out. How do I access these books? Thanks so much for your help.

  104. btobw | February 8, 2012 at 6:37 am | Permalink

    Hi Barbara: You need a wi-fi connection to download library books – they won’t download via 3G. I’m not in the USA and so library lending isn’t available to me, but I’m pretty certain that they are greyed out because they’re waiting for a wi-fi connection. One of the FAQs at Public Library Books for Kindle is:

    How do I send library books to my Kindle device or reading app?

    Once a public library book has been redeemed, you can send it to any registered Kindle device or reading app from the Manage Your Kindle page. Public library books require an active Wi-Fi connection for wireless delivery to a Kindle device.
    Library books will not be delivered via your Kindle’s 3G connection. If trying to send to a Kindle device and do not have an active Wi-Fi connection, you may instead choose to load your library book via USB.

    For more information, and to learn about transferring files to your Kindle, please see our Kindle Help page at:

  105. Daniel Peterson | September 20, 2012 at 4:26 am | Permalink

    Hello. This is a great resource. Thank you for putting it together.

    I am particularly interested in making a script to toggle the screensaver. I read the part about entering ~debugOn, ~disableScreensaver, ~resumeScreensaver. I was wondering if you knew which low level application handles these options? I checked out the debug mode: ~help for options. Here’s what I see with my configuration:


    Do you know how I might make a script on the kindle to toggle these options? Thank you. Please feel free to email me.

  106. btobw | October 8, 2012 at 11:22 am | Permalink

    Sorry for the delay, Daniel. I don’t know the answer to your question, but you could perhaps try asking on the Kindle Developer’s Corner at Mobilereads:

  107. meller | December 5, 2012 at 9:14 pm | Permalink

    Hi all,

    The pity with MP3 is that they do not appear in the list of items as Audible books for example.
    As a result, you can only jump from one title to another when listening to reach the one you want.
    That would be probably a very small change for AMZ to their soft to allow this and it will tremendously improve my user experience.
    Any idea to overcome this ? Like covnerting MP3 to audible format ? other ideas?

  108. Jim | April 27, 2014 at 8:53 am | Permalink

    These shortcuts are really useful, the kindle keyboard is still my favorite Kindle. May I also recommend as a way of managing the notes you make on your kindle.

  109. Mike | July 9, 2014 at 12:13 am | Permalink

    My Kindle just died. It is five years old and as never been dropped, hit or otherwise maltreated. I put it on my bedside table last night and this morning it was dead.
    The screen showed the Kindle picture and what looked like a simulated progress bar.
    When I plugged it in to try to charge it nothing happened.
    Any ideas.

  110. btobw | August 28, 2014 at 1:03 pm | Permalink

    Mike: sorry for the long delay, but this got lost amongst the tens of thousands of spam messages.

    You could try sliding and holding the power switch for 30 seconds to force a reset.

  111. Ina | April 10, 2015 at 1:41 am | Permalink

    Huge thank you for this, particularly for the compiled mobi! Really helpful :))

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